Labour market is changing dynamically. Demographic changes, new legal regulations, economic and geopolitical situation of the country - these are just some of the factors that have a direct impact on how the situation on the labour market looked like in 2018. It was year, when employers had to face both the search and employment of suitable employees, as well as with their retention for longer time.
In 2018, employers had large problems with supplementing the staff with domestic employees. The reason for this phenomenon is seen in the reluctance of a large part of Poles to take up employment and lack of appropriate professional qualifications. From the point of view of the employer, the situation on the Polish labour market in 2018 was difficult. Theoretically, the number of candidates was sufficient to allow employers to make selections, but in practice the number proved to be too small. The reason for this phenomenon is the percentage of people who do not decide to start working, which is growing more than in other countries of our region. Here, one example is women who, because of taking care of her children, do not plan to continue or start her professional career. There are also long-term unemployed people on the market, which for various reasons do not have the necessary professional skills or are simply not interested in taking up any work. By imposing demographic trends on this situation - that is aging of the population and low fertility - in 2018, acquiring native employees has become quite difficult, and in some cases even impossible.
Due to these changes in the labour market, the need to employ workers from the East has increased. Unfortunately, 2018 was also problematic in this aspect, as the number of citizens of Ukraine arriving to our country began to decrease. Despite the fact that Poland is one of the most popular directions of labour migration of workers from former Soviet republics, recently more and more foreigners have become interested in other European countries, such as the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. This decline is also influenced by demographic factors - because there is a definite, finite number of people in Ukraine who are willing to leave.
Can problems with filling human resources gaps be even greater in 2019?
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